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Antifa / BLM / Seperated For 251 Days. Finally A Good Story
« Last post by smallengineshop on October 20, 2020, 07:01:11 PM »
I guess you have to separate people in this age group when someone gets Covid, or do you? Maybe it depends on their overall health?

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Antifa / BLM / More Proof Antifa Isn't Peaceful And Isn't Just An Idea
« Last post by smallengineshop on October 18, 2020, 08:56:09 PM »
These riots were never about racial injustice or George Floyd. It's always been about destroying Western culture and traditional America. The real enemy are the people behind the curtain, the politicians and wealthy donors that finance these groups, and the fake media that hides and supports this evil.

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1987 - 2018 Kawasaki KLR 650 / Good News Coming Soon?
« Last post by smallengineshop on October 17, 2020, 07:25:36 PM »
I'm 90 percent sure I will have good news to report about Kawasaki on November 23, 2020, so I decided to make the KLR board public again for the one viewer who stumbles on this forum once every 12 months.  :o :D

Stay Tuned!

Click on image to view article:
Several different technologies have been used over the years to lock your car and prevent someone from driving away with it. From the very beginning up until around 1986, all cars and motorcycles used simple mechanical keys to lock and unlock mechanical locks installed in your vehicle. The keys were either single sided meaning cuts were made on the key on only one edge and could only enter the lock one way, or the key was double sided meaning cuts were made on both edges of the key and could enter the narrow key way in one of two different positions. The double sided key made it easier for the user and was often referred to as a convenience key.

The mechanical lock technology varied depending on the make of the vehicle. The types of mechanial locks used on cars and motorcycles are either wafer or pin tumbler locks. Often times a side bar was added to make it more secure as seen on many General Motor's vehicles. These type of mechanical locks are still used today.

Around 1986 General Motors added an electronic resister to the key blade on keys used for several different GM models. The resister could be 1 of 15 different resistance values and the car was configured to recognize only one value. If you used a key with the wrong resistance value the car would not start even though you might be able to turn the ignition lock. This system was called VATS, Vehicle Antitheft System. The VATS system added another level of security and was successfully used for more than a decade to help prevent car theft. The VATS system was in use from around 1986 to 2002 and was only found on General Motors vehicles.

In 1995 European insurance companies succeeded in pressuring countries in Europe to pass laws requiring all new cars sold in Europe to be equipped with a transponder system. The requirement forced auto manufactures to use transponder systems on cars sold around the world, which is why you see transponder systems used on all cars and trucks sold in the United States today. A transponder is an electronic device usually installed in the key and has the ability to communicate with the vehicles computer. The cars computer and the key can pass information between each other to verify that the right key is being used to start the car. If you insert a key into the ignition lock that can operate the lock in a transponder equipped vehicle, but has the wrong electronic information, the vehicles computer will tell the immobilizer system to disable the car and not allow it to start. The immobilizer is an electronic part of a vehicles antitheft system that disables the car when the wrong key is used. There have been several different algorithms used over the years with ever increasing complexity to make transponder systems a more secure. The transponder system is still in use today and has allowed auto and motorcycle manufacturers to almost eliminate the mechanical key and lock in some higher end vehicles.

Even though electronics is becoming more popular in automotive and motorcycle security, the simple mechanical key and lock are still in use today. Many single and double side keys have been replaced with another type of mechanical key often referred to as a high security key. The high security key has the cuts milled into the side of the key instead of on the edge. I'm not sure why the key is referred to as "high security." Maybe because it's new and the knowledge to defeat the technology isn't as widespread? I believe barrel keys and locks used on so many candy and coke machines and also on Harley Davidson touring motorcycles were once called "high security" when they first appeared, but are no longer called that. I guess every new antitheft technology is considered high security until someone figures out how to defeat it.

Below is a list of descriptions and their definitions used to describe modern day electronic vehicle antitheft systems:

Passkey Systems

I think "Passkey" orginated with General Motors and was primarily used to refer to the GM VATS system, which I described earlier. I've also seen it used to refer to a transponder system or key.

Keyless Entry Systems

Keyless Entry is used to describe automotive remotes used to unlock and lock your car doors and trunk to gain access to your vehicle. Some remotes also have panic buttons to set off the car alarm, and a remote start button to start your vehicle at a distance. Keyless Entry is also used to describe a key pad placed on the car door which allows the driver to input a code and open the car doors. I've seen these key pads on many Ford vehicles.

Smart Keys or Proximity Key

Smart Keys look like remotes and have the same remote features, but are also equipped with a transponder used to communicate with the cars computer. On some smart key systems a person inserts the smart key into a slot in the dash and presses a start button to start the car. On other higher end smart key systems the person with the smart key simply needs to be within a certain distance from the car for the computer to recognize the key and allow the person full access to the vehicle. Smart key systems eliminate the need for mechanical locks and keys. Smart Keys use radio frequency signals to communicate between the smart key and the vehicle. A car can be divided into zones allowing the car to grant access to different areas of the car depending on the location of the driver and smart key. I believe later model Harley Davidson touring motorcycles use some type of smart key. Often times the vehicle manufacturer will place a mechanical door lock on the drivers door and hide a mechanical key blade in the smart key to use in case of an emergency.

Alarm Systems

Some cars and trucks come equipped with alarm systems from the factory. Most motorcycle models don't have factory installed alarms, but I believe it is an option on Harley Davidson touring models. Alarms can be passive or active. Passive alarms switch on and off automatically and active alarms require input from the driver. When someone tries to break into a car and the alarm goes off it usually beeps the horn on and off while flashing the high beam headlights and hazard lamps. Some alarms have a built in siren that goes off. Alarms can come with different features such as ultrasonic sensors to detect movement inside the car or motion detectors to monitor the vehicles tilt.

Click on image to enlarge:

The first key is GM high security key with cuts milled into the side of the key, and a keyless entry remote. There is a transponder chip embedded in the key head or bow. The second key is a Ford double sided key with cuts on both edges of the key. It is a regular key with no transponder. The third key is a Chrysler single sided key with cuts on only one edge of the key. It is a regular key with no transponder. The fourth key is a Mercedes Benz smart key that is also a keyless entry remote.

Click on image to enlarge:

This is an aftermarket VATS key for GM vehicles. This key is a single sided key, but they also make a double sided VATS key. You can see the resister embedded in the key blade.

Antifa / BLM / California Electric Car Law And Antifa / BLM Arsonists
« Last post by smallengineshop on October 04, 2020, 03:42:11 AM »
This is probably old news to some, but new news to me. I just heard California has a new law that mandates all new cars sold in California in 2035 be electric powered only. I understand wanting to improve air quality, but how do you force everyone to drive a vehicle that requires hours of wait time to fully refuel, or in this case, recharge, and most lower priced electric cars will have very poor range? I haven't heard of any new battery technology on the horizon that will allow an electric car to recharge anywhere near the time it takes to fill your gas tank. This law is forcing California residents to live with a major inconvenience inherently found in today's electric vehicles. It would make far more sense to require all vehicles sold in California to be hybrids, or all cars sold must be a sub-compact like the Mitsubishi Mirage, which gets 40 mpg combined city/highway fuel economy.. At least drivers would have a vehicle with great fuel economy and the convenience of fast refuel times and not be limited by battery range.

This new California law came from the same type of people who said not long ago that the world will end in 12 years from global warming. These are the same people who tell you to ride a bicycle to lower your carbon foot print while they travel in private jets. These are the same people who tell you oceans will rise due to global warming while they invest in beach front property. These are the same people who claim to be so in tune with nature that it gives them the wisdom to successfully combat global warming with legislation that makes your life more difficult, but at the same time they deny natures biological facts about reproduction, gender and sex. These are the same people who will look you in the eye and with a straight face say "a man can get pregnant and have a baby."

I may be wrong about electric cars in 2035, but I don't trust California politicians to solve anything. California Gov. Gavin Newsom is actually using the fires started by Antifia/BLM arsonists as proof global warming is getting worse, and a reason to justify this new electric car law. It's incredible the level of dishonesty politicians will reach to get their way. Why isn't anyone on the left talking about the amount of coal needed to generate the electricity to charge all the new electric cars in California in 2035, or the waist and environmental hazards created by all the dead used up car batteries?

California Governor Signs Order Banning Sales Of New Gasoline Cars By 2035
Antifa / BLM / Driving A Prius Doesn't Earn You Browny Points With BLM And Antifa
« Last post by smallengineshop on September 26, 2020, 03:18:06 AM »
A man driving a Toyota Prius thought he could easily pass through a mob of Antifa and BLM rioters, but boy was he wrong. See video below. Not only did they try and prevent the driver from passing through, but they chased him down with a motorcycle, pickup truck, 4 bicycles and what looks like a Mustang convertible after the driver decided to force his way through the mob. They than tried to pull the driver out of his car, but he was lucky and was able to speed away only to be pulled over and arrested by LAPD. Isn't that a kicker. Doing everything you can to avoid being severely beaten, or worse, killed, and than having the cops arrest you. I don't know if the driver was charged with a crime.

A REAL oppression in America is occurring in leftist controlled cities across the country. The far left mayors are ordering cops to turn a blind eye toward Antifa and BLM rioters, which allows them to commit crimes that should lead to jail time. Many businesses have been burned and looted because of it, and innocent people have lost their lives. If you defend yourself against the communist zealot's you end up being arrested and prosecuted by a communist AG.

I wonder if the driver thought he could peacefully pass through the communist mob because he was driving a Toyota Prius? A car that has come to symbolize a certain type of individual. Has Antifa and BLM upped their game by using communications to coordinate their actions? Some important things to consider if you find yourself in an area with BLM and Antifa terrorists.

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Changing the oil in your Harley Davidson big v-twin motorcycle shouldn't cost more than changing the oil in your car or truck. I created this post to show some lower cost options bikers have when doing routine maintenance, which many of you might find useful especially now with the pandemic lock down and so many people out of work or working less.

Harley Davidson big v-twin engine characteristics to consider when choosing a motor oil:
  • The Harley Davidson v-twin engine doesn't share it's motor oil with the transmission and clutch like most motorcycles, making it more like a car engine in that respect.
  • The Harley Davidson v-twin engine is air cooled or partially air cooled on some newer models, and tends to run hotter than a fully water cooled engine.
  • The Harley Davidson v-twin engine uses older valve train technology with a high friction area where the cam lobe makes contact with the hydraulic lifter or tappet. The valve train is similar to a older automotive V6 or V8 engine.

Options when choosing a motor oil for your Harley Davidson motorcycle:
  • Take the easy but expensive route and purchase Harley Davidson Full Synthetic SYN3 motor oil and filter kit for $71.95 (black filter). You'll get 4 quarts of SYN3 full synthetic motor oil, oil filter, and a rubber seal for the drain plug
  • Switch to another brand of motor oil formulated for a V-Twin motorcycle engine. You can choose between conventional oil and full synthetic and pay between $8 and $16 per quart. There are many oil filter brands to choose from and prices range between $7 and $12 (black filters).
  • Switch to Mobil 1 Advanced Full Synthetic 15W-50 motor oil and pay $22.38 for 5 quarts or $4.47 per quart. Same options as above for oil filters.

Mobil 1 Advanced Full Synthetic 15W-50 motor oil is a good choice for a Harley Davidson big v-twin engine?:
  • Since the Harley Davidson v-twin engine doesn't share motor oil with the transmission and clutch, then why worry about transmission and clutch lubrication when choosing a motor oil? You shouldn't!
  • Full synthetic motor oils are naturally more stable than conventional motor oil at higher temperatures making them a good choice for an air cooled engine. Conventional motor oils start to break down around 275F, while full synthetic motor oil will withstand temperatures higher than 300F. Harley Davidson recommends using SYN3 or HD360 conventional oil for use their engines.  If the recommended HD360 conventional motor oil is adequate for use in a air cooled Harley Davidson engine, than the Mobil 1 Advanced Full Synthetic 15W-50 motor oil will be more than adequate to handle the higher heat.

    All outdoor power equipment, OPE, engine manufacturers from Honda to Briggs & Stratton build air cooled engines. Most, if not all, OPE air cooled engines are covered in a shroud with a fan built into the fly wheel to move air around the engine cooling fins to keep the engine cool. I can't think of one OPE manufacturer that says you need a specially formulated motor oil to deal with the added heat produced by an engine that relys on air cooling only. Yes, each manufacturer pitches their own brand of motor oil, but in the same breath they give you API ratings so you can choose to use another brand of motor oil. Here is what Kolher engine says about their Command Pro 27HP air cooled V-Twin Engine:

    We recommend use of Kohler oils for best performance.Other high-quality detergent oils (including synthetic)of API (American Petroleum Institute) service class SJ or higher are acceptable. Select viscosity based on air temperature at time of operation as shown in table below."

  • Mobil 1 Advanced Full Synthetic 15W-50 motor oil is a high performance motor oil formulated for higher performance automotive engines that use the older valve train technology with a high friction area where the cam lobe makes contact with the hydraulic lifter or tappet. This requires a motor oil with high anti-wear additives like Zinc and Phosphorus,which Mobil 1 Advanced Full Synthetic 15W-50 motor oil has.  For example, Mobil 1 Full Synthetic 20W-50 V-Twin motorcycle motor oil has a Phosphorus and Zinc content of 1750 and 1600 ppm respectively. Valvoline Full Synthetic 20W-50 motorcycle oil has a Phosphorus and Zinc content of 1000 and 1120 ppm respectively and Mobil 1 Advanced Full Synthetic 15W-50 motor oil has a Phosphorus and Zinc content of 1200 and 1300 ppm respectively. Mobil 1 Advanced Full Synthetic 15W-50 motor oil's Phosphorus and Zinc content falls in between the two leading brands of motor oil formulated for motorcycles.

    Most motor oils formulated for cars and trucks have a much lower Zinc content than the oils already mentioned. It was found that Zinc in motor oil can harm a car or trucks catalytic converter. Since most car and truck engines today don't have the higher friction area between the cam lobe and tappet found in a push rod engine, motor oil manufacturers lowered the Zinc content to less than 800 ppm for most automotive motor oils. Even with the lower Zinc content, motor oil manufacturers say this level of Zinc is adequate for the older stock automotive V6 and V8 push rod engine, therefore it should be adequate for the stock Harley Davidson engine, and the Mobil 1 Advanced Full Synthetic 15W-50 motor oil far exceeds the 800 ppm for Zinc and Phosphorus.

Is 15W-50 viscosity motor oil OK to use in a Harley Davidson big v-twin engine?:
  • The colder a motor oil is the thicker it gets. Most engine wear occurs at start-up when the engine is cold. A motor oil functions best at operating temperatures say around 212F and above. At room temperature all motor oil's are thicker than at operating temperature. In an ideal world the motor oil would have the same thickness at start up, or at ambient temperature, as it does at operating temperature. Both the 15W-50 and 20W-50 motor oils have the same thickness at operating temperature and have the same viscosity represented by the number 50 in their viscosity rating. The number 50 represents the viscosity of the oil, or its ability to flow at 212F. The 15W and 20W represents the viscosity of the oil at 32F. In a normal summer day, say when it's 90F outside, the 15W-50 motor oil will be thinner at start-up than a 20W-50 motor oil making the thickness closer to the thickness of the oil at operating temperature. This makes it easier for the engine oil pump to move the motor oil through the engine and lubricate the engine.

    Harley Davidson has recommended many different motor oil viscosity over the years. They used to sell a 10W-40 motor oil for colder winter riding, which they discontinued probably due to low sales. They sale a 50 and 60 weight motor oil for the warmer summer months. In Harley Davidson owner manual's (not positive the info is the same in every manual) Harley recommends a temporary replacement brand of motor oil in the following viscosity: 20W-50, 15W-40 and 10W-40. Point being, Harley Davidson isn't tied down to the 20W-50 oil viscosity.

Compelling evidence to use Mobil 1 Full Synthetic 15W-50 motor oil in your Harley Davidson big v-twin engine:
  • Probably the best evidence that Mobil 1 Full Synthetic 15W-50 motor oil is a good choice for your v-twin Harley comes from a guy named Scooter Tramp Scotty, who uses this exact same motor oil in his Evolution powered Electra Glide, which has accumulated over 500,000 miles. Now I don't know how many engines he's gone through to reach 500k miles, but I do know he has decades of experience using motorcycle motor oil, and since he basically lives on his motorcycle and his lifestyle forces him to be frugal, he is forced to make a wise motor oil purchase come maintenance time. He also has several years experience doing motorcycle maintenance work part time at motorcycle rally's around the country. Here's his video about changing the oil in his Electra Glide:

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Motorcycle motor oil is expensive! Harley Davidson riders love their motorcycles and are willing to pay more to keep them in top condition, but why pay more if you don't need to? 4 quarts of Mobil 1 Full Synthetic 15W-50 motor oil and a Fram filter for a Harley Davidson big v-twin motorcycle costs $24.88 compared to $71.95 for the Harley Davidson brand. That's a savings of  $47.07 to change your motor oil using a high quality aftermarket brand. Add $4 for a better quality NAPA Gold oil filter.

I don't claim to be an expert about lubrication or motor oils, so do your own research and make your own decisions.


I'm posting the front and back labels for Valvoline SynPower Full Synthetc 75W-140 gear oil, because this oil can be used in Harley Davidson transmissions. Your bike will shift better and sound better if you use a heavier gear oil in the transmission. I think most people use Harley Davidson 20W-50 SYN3 motor oil for the tranny, which Harley Davidson started recommending a few years ago because its convenient, but its a trade off for the Harley owner. I believe your trading a better manual transmission gear oil for the convenience of only needing one type of oil for the motor, transmission and primary, which isn't a good deal in my opinion. Even Harley Davidson now offers a full synthetic 80W-140 gear oil for use in manual transmissions.

Click on image to enlarge:

All I've ever heard about Harley Davidson's Shovelhead engine is 90 percent negative. It leaked oil, manufacturing was sloppy, needed to be rebuilt after 30k miles, vibrates like a blender, etc. Harley Davidson manufactured the Shovelhead engine from 1966 to 1984, and even if the negative comments are true, the Shovelhead engine had fans and here is proof. When Harley Davidson discontinued the Shovelhead in 1984/1985 and introduced the new and improved Evolution engine, Shovelhead fans came out with the slogan "see no evo, hear no evo, ride no evo." The slogan appeared on many t-shirts and stickers.

Shovelhead t-shirt with the slogan "hear no evo, see no evo, ride no evo."
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